Indian Provisions in the Defense Authorization Bill

The Senate and House have agreed to a conference report to the Defense Authorization bill. Below are the Indian provisions in the bill. The House and Senate will likely vote on the conferenced bill this week, and if approved, it will be sent to the President for his signature.

Sec. 312 – Amends the Sikes Act (conservation management on government lands) to authorize the Secretary of the military department concerned to enter into cooperative agreements with Indian tribes for land management in areas adjoining military installations and state-owned National Guard installations.

Sec. 553 – Amends 20 U.S.C. 7703 regarding Impact Aid and Payments for eligible federally connected children that affects Indian housing undergoing renovation or rebuilding.

Sec. 1087 – Amends 28 U.S.C. 1442 adds Indian tribes to the definition of “State” for removal of an action from State Court.

Sec. 1632 – Amends 15 U.S.C. 1644 requiring the Small Business Administrator to submit as part of a larger report the concerns of small businesses owned by Indian tribes.

Sec. 1802 – Amends 15 U.S.C. 2203, the Federal Fire and Prevention Control Act to allow Indian tribes to benefit from the Act.

Sec. 3151 – Requires the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the Department of Interior and the Environmental Protection Agency, to review and report on abandoned uranium mines in the United States that provided uranium ore for atomic energy defense activities of the United States on Federal, State and Tribal lands.


Interior Announces Initial Buy Back Program – Cobell Land Consolidation Plan

Press Release is here.

Initial Land Buy Back Plan is here.

Below are excerpts from the Press Release.

The Department of the Interior today announced the initial framework of the Land Buy-Back Program for Tribal Nations that will purchase fractional interests in American Indian trust lands from willing sellers, enabling tribal governments to use the consolidated parcels for the benefit of their communities.

The initial implementation plan, based on consultation with tribes, outlines how Interior will carry out the land consolidation component of the Cobell Settlement, which provided a $1.9 billion fund to purchase the fractionated interests in trust or restricted land, at fair market value, within a 10 year period. These acquired interests will remain in trust or restricted status through transfer to tribes.

– – – – –

As outlined in a Secretarial Order also announced today, the organizational structure for the Buy-Back Program will consist of a core group in the Office of the Secretary to provide management and performance expertise under the supervision of a Program Manager. The program relies on the extensive expertise and services within Interior, primarily in the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Office of Special Trustee for American Indians, to implement the operational aspects, including valuations and acquisitions.

– – – –

The Buy-Back Program will be structured to allow as much opportunity for tribal participation and assistance as practical, including consulting with Indian tribes to identify acquisition priorities. The program will actively report progress and communicate with tribal communities throughout the life of the initiative.

Interior has been working on land consolidation efforts since the program was authorized by the Claims Resolution Act of 2010, but could not officially implement the program until the settlement was considered final on Nov. 24, 2012 after appeals were exhausted through the U.S. Supreme Court.

– – – –

As part of the Interior’s continuing dialogue with tribal nations, Interior will host three consultation sessions early next year to discuss the Initial Implementation Plan and receive tribal feedback — on Jan. 31 in Minneapolis, MN; on Feb. 6 in Rapid City, SD; and on Feb. 14 in Seattle, WA.

The Initial Implementation Plan reflects the comments received from tribal consultation sessions in the summer and fall of 2011 and the draft Implementation Plan released in January, 2012. The plan outlines the initial goals and priorities of the program, summarizes key parameters and operational concepts, and outlines ways in which tribes can participate in the Buy-Back Program through cooperative agreements. The Initial Implementation Plan is available for public comment for 75 days.

Senator Inouye Walks On

Floor statements from Senators Reid, McConnell, McCain and Akaka on the passing of the beloved Senator Inouye. Rest in Peace Senator. Your tremendous service to this nation will not be forgotten!


Mr. REID. Mr. President, I rise with a real heavy heart. Our friend, DAN INOUYE, just died.
I have never known anyone like DAN INOUYE. No one else has. The kindness he has shown me during my time here in the Senate is something I will cher- ish always. He was a man who has lived and breathed the Senate. If there were ever a patriot, DAN INOUYE was that pa- triot.
A week ago last Friday he and I spent some time together in his office, just the two of us alone. We spent an hour together, and we ended the meet- ing with both of us saying: You know,
we need to do this again. Well, I won’t be able to do that again. He won’t be able to do that again.
He was a wonderful Senator, brave soldier, a recipient of the Medal of Honor, the Distinguished Service Cross, the Bronze Star, and Purple Heart. He left an arm in Italy. He said to me at that last meeting together, when I asked him: DAN, did anything else happen to you, other than your arm? He said: Yeah, I got shot in the gut—that is what he said—and the leg a couple of times.
We will all miss him, and that is a gross understatement. I wish I were ca- pable of saying more, but that is all I can say. I have talked to his wife Irene. She is there, with his son. We have known for a few hours this wasn’t working out well for Senator INOUYE. But he was certainly one of the giants of the Senate.
I remember what he said when his son asked why he fought the way he did after having been declared an enemy alien. He said he did it for the children. That was Senator INOUYE. His commit- ment to our Nation will never be sur- passed. His service in the Senate will be with the greats of this body.
Now I should ask my friend if he wishes to speak upon this issue. It would be my hope the two votes that are scheduled could both be done— these judges—by voice vote. I don’t think it is appropriate to record a vote at this time.
Mr. President, I ask unanimous con- sent that the two judges be approved by voice vote.
The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there objection?
Without objection, it is so ordered.
Mr. REID. Mr. President, I think we all, at a subsequent time—I just talked to his wife and walked out here—will have some more formal remarks.


Mr. MCCONNELL. Mr. President, I too am going to address the remark- able life of Senator INOUYE at a later time, but I did want to make some observations here for a few moments at the time of his passing.
Senator INOUYE was a man who, as we all know, rarely called attention to himself but who lived a remarkable American life filled with the dignity and grace of the true hero he was.
He was only 17 when he heard the si- rens over Honolulu and saw the great planes flying overhead. At the time he dreamed of being a surgeon. A few years later a medic would be taking care of him after his heroic action in the Italian mountains, for which he would one day receive our Nation’s most prestigious award for military valor.
DAN INOUYE’s dream of being a sur- geon was not realized but there were other things in store. Instead, he be- came a member of one of the most decorated U.S. military units in Amer- ican history and one of our Nation’s longest serving and finest Senators.
An iconic political figure of his be- loved Hawaii, and the only original member of the congressional delega- tion still serving in Congress, he was a man who had every reason to call at- tention to himself but who never did.
He was the kind of man, in short, that America has always been grateful to have, especially in our darkest hours—men who lead by example and who expect nothing in return.


Mr. REID. Mr. President, I didn’t mention, and I should have, but I real- ly have been waiting the last hour or so to make sure it was okay with his wife that I come and say something, so I haven’t had time to do much other than feel bad about Senator INOUYE.
As I indicated, I talked to Irene. I wasn’t able to talk to Ken, but I did talk to Irene. I want to make sure everyone understands the depth of my feelings—and I know I am speaking for the entire Senate. DAN INOUYE believed in me, even more than I believed in myself. Many, many years ago—a couple of decades ago—he said: You know, you’re going to do great things in the Senate, and he always talked about my leading the Senate. And he always came and said: You did the right thing. He would always tell you that you would do the right thing.
The chapter of DAN INOUYE in the Senate is something that is remarkable, not only his military record but what he did with the defense aspects of our country, the security aspects of our country. And there was no one more bi- partisan than Senator INOUYE.
He has a brother who lives in Las Vegas, and a wonderful person he is, but he was as close to Ted Stevens as he was to any person could be to a brother. They were brothers. They called themselves brothers. So he set an example always about bipartisan- ship, about working with others. And as far as being a good member of our caucus, no one was better than he was.
No one has been a better American than Senator INOUYE. And when we talk about people in Hawaii and who they revere, it is Senator INOUYE. The State of Hawaii is going through a great deal at this time. Senator AKAKA has announced his retirement, and now the death of Senator INOUYE.
On behalf of all Senators, I express my appreciation for his service and his friendship.


Mr. McCAIN. I thank the majority leader. Today, the Senate lost, America, and especially his beloved citizens of Hawaii lost a unique, brave, wonderful legislator, a man who brought to this institution the most unique credentials I would argue probably of anyone who has ever served in this pretty diverse body.

   Dan Inouye was born of Japanese parents who came to Hawaii, as many Japanese did in that period of time at the turn of the century, to work in the pineapple fields and agriculture, which was a fundamental of the economy for the State of Hawaii. Their conditions were not good. They worked hard. But they raised their families with pride, with dignity and honor, and were proud to call themselves Americans.

   Dan Inouye was as proud as any. As we know, one of the most shameful chapters of American history took place during World War II when an incredible act of injustice took place. The United States of America decided to intern Japanese Americans who lived in California. They were put into internment camps because they happened to be Japanese Americans, not because they had done anything wrong, not that they did not love America, but because they happened to be Japanese Americans. By the way, some of those internment camps were in my home State of Arizona. Conditions were not terrible, but they were not good. People were incarcerated because they happened to be ethnic Japanese.

   In Hawaii, there was a group of young Japanese Americans who decided that they wanted to serve their country and they wanted to serve in uniform. One of the most well-known and famous and most highly decorated units of the entire World War II was the battalion in which Dan Inouye served. They were in many of the most gruesome and difficult blood lettings of the entire conflict as the American forces fought their way up through Italy against a very well trained, very well equipped, professional German opposition. Dan Inouye was a proud member of this battalion. In fierce combat, Dan Inouye was gravely wounded on the battlefield. He was brought home. He, as we all know, lost his arm as a result of one of the wounds he sustained.

   Interestingly and coincidentally, he went to a veterans hospital in Chicago where a person in the same ward, was a American Army second lieutenant who had also been wounded seriously in Italy, one Bob Dole–2LT Bob Dole of Kansas. And there began a friendship that lasted to this day, both gravely wounded, both dedicated more than ever to serve their country. Both served with distinction. The friendship, the bonds of friendship that were forged in that hospital between Bob Dole and Dan Inouye were unique and enduring.

   So Dan Inouye returned to his beloved Hawaii. The story goes–and I do not know if it is true or not–the story goes that a Dan Inouye went down to join the veterans organization, and when he applied for membership, he was told that the only members they took in that organization were Caucasian.

   Dan Inouye decided that he wanted to continue to serve his country and the State of Hawaii. He was the first Senator from the State of Hawaii and has served longer than any Senator in this institution. He was loved by all of us. I did not always agree with Dan. Occasionally, we had differences about how we use appropriations bills. No one–no one ever, ever accused Dan Inouye of partnership or unfairness.

   He loved Native Americans, and he loved his Hawaiians. One of the more rewarding periods of my time here in the Senate was being on the Indian Affairs Committee under his chairmanship. Very important pieces of legislation came out of that committee. It was a great honor for me to have the privilege to serve with Dan Inouye. He loved Native Americans. He knew that Native Americans had been wronged in our history. He knew that solemn treaties must be honored by our government even if those treaties sometimes meant that there would be significant expenditures of America’s tax dollars.

   Have no doubt that our treatment of Native Americans and the treatment of Native Hawaiians is not the most glorious chapter in American history when we look back at what happened to the proud Native Americans, the Native Hawaiians as their civilization collided with the civilization that came to the United States of America from around the world.

   Dan Inouye fought for the things he believed in and the principles that he held dear. He held nothing more dear than the glory of being able to serve people who needed to be served.

   Dan Inouye will be missed. There will not be another like him. There will not be another Senator literally deprived of his rights. There will not be another Senator who will serve in length and with the dedication that Dan Inouye served this Senate and his beloved Hawaii. So we will all miss Dan Inouye. I hope from time to time, with the bitter partisanship that exists here sometimes in the Senate, maybe we could use Dan Inouye’s record as an example of bipartisan, of friendship, of a willingness to reach across the aisle and work with the other side; it characterized Dan Inouye’s record here in the Senate.

   For some reason, when I heard and thought about Dan’s passing today, I was reminded of another person who died and is buried on the island of Samoa, and his poem is inscribed on his gravestone as an epitaph. I think it applies to our dear and beloved friend who passed today. It was by Robert Lewis Stevenson. I quote:

Under the wide and starry sky,
Dig the grave and let me lie.
Glad did I live and gladly die,
And I laid me down with a will.

This be the verse you ‘grave for me:
Here he lies where he longed to be;
Home is the sailor, home from the sea,
And the hunter home from the hill.

   I see my dear and beloved friend, the other Senator from Hawaii, Dan Akaka, on the floor.

   I thank you, Danny, and God bless.


   Mr. AKAKA. Madam President, it is very difficult for me to rise today–
with a heavy heart–to bid aloha to my good friend, colleague, and brother Dan Inouye. It is hard for me to believe that the terrible news I just received is true. Senator Inouye was a true patriot and an American hero in every sense, and he is at this time in Hawaii the greatest leader.
   He served his country as a soldier, receiving the highest honor our Nation can bestow. When we think of how he began to serve his Nation, it is difficult to believe the difficulty we had in Hawaii as Japanese Americans. To be a part of our Nation’s military–we were denied. We were considered aliens of this country. But he was one of those who wanted to serve their country, and they went to the highest level to receive that dignity, and eventually they were given the honor to serve our country. As we now know, it became the greatest unit in military history, with the most decorations of any unit and also with the highest levels of decoration, of the Medal of Honor.

   He served as a leader, the third longest serving Member of the U.S. Senate in our Nation’s history. He served as a defender of the people of this country, championing historic charges for civil rights, including the equal rights of women, Asian Americans, African Americans, and Native Hawaiians. It is an incredible understatement to call him an institution. This Chamber will never be the same without him.

   I remember, in our childhood in Hawaii, that Hawaii was a diversified place. Where I lived in Pauoa Valley, there were many Japanese families who lived around us. There were many nights that I spent sleeping in the homes of our Japanese families, ate their food, slept on the tatami on the floor, and I really was brought up with the Japanese families. So when the war broke out, I couldn’t understand what was happening because there were families who were removed from the community, and, of course, at that time the Japanese American boys weren’t allowed to be in the military, but they pursued it because they wanted to serve this country as well. This is why, in my time in Congress, I did focus on trying to help the Japanese Americans in this country and the Asians in this country as well and to help them achieve what they really earned.

   I remember seeking the Medal of Honor for the unit and for those who fought in World War II, and I provided the Pentagon with 100 names from these units. I was really surprised that there were finally 21 of them who were selected for the Medal of Honor, and Senator Inouye was one of them. But that showed that they were willing to give their lives for this country, and they did. Since then, he has continued to serve his country.

   We all used the G.I. bill to be educated in Hawaii. We went to the University of Hawaii, graduated from there, and went on to further degrees. They came back, in a sense, those who could help the communities, and became leaders.

   In the case of Danny Inouye, he was one of the ones who turned the tide in Hawaii politically since 1954, and by 1959 we became a State. Senator Inouye ran for office and was our first Member of the House. After one term, he moved to the Senate because Senator Long decided to retire. As a result, Senator Matsunaga was elected to the House and served the House and also the Senate as well, and he also was a member of the 100th infantry during World War II. But the Japanese Americans really served our country, and Danny Inouye is one of those great leaders in the history of this country.

   Through my career in Congress, I have been proud to be on Dan’s team. We have worked on everything from appropriations to Native Hawaiian rights, to veterans and to defense. All of us in Hawaii looked up to him, and we are so sad to see him go.

   Danny Inouye leaves behind him a list of accomplishments unlikely to ever be paralleled. His lifelong dedication and hard work in the name of his beloved country, the United States of America, influenced every part of his life and set him apart, even in the Senate. He was a fierce advocate as a senior member of several committees, and the way he conducted himself commanded respect from all with whom he worked.

   His legacy is not only the loving family he leaves behind, it can be seen in every mile of every road in Hawaii, in every nature preserve and every facility that makes Hawaii a safer place. He fulfilled his dream of creating a better Hawaii. He gave us access to resources and facilities that the mainland States, I would say, took for granted.

   Tomorrow will be the first day since Hawaii became a State in 1959 that Danny Inouye will not be representing us in Congress. Every child born in Hawaii will learn of Danny Inouye, a man who changed the islands forever.

   I join all of the people of Hawaii tonight in praying for his wife Irene, his son Ken, and his daughter-in-law Jessica; his stepdaughter Jennifer, and his grand-daughter Maggie, who really tickle his life. Whenever I had a chance to chat with him, we talked about Maggie. They brought him so much joy in his life and will carry his legacy forward.

   I am going to miss Dan, and so will all of us here in the Senate, and this great country will also. He represented a true American, and for us in Hawaii, he represented a true Hawaiian in Hawaii. He served Hawaii and this country well.

   Dan and I have worked so well together all these years. When I was in the House and on the Appropriations Committee there, we worked very well between the House and the Senate. Many of the renovations that have come about in Hawaii were because of Danny, and he really helped to shape Hawaii and this great country. He brought here on Earth a kind of life that people of our country and this world can follow to be great citizens of the world.

   Dan, my dear friend and colleague, you will be missed in Washington as much as you will be missed in Hawaii. Rest in peace. God bless you and your spirit.

   Mr. President, I yield the floor.


Monday in Congress

Assuming Congress resumes with business as usual following Friday’s tragedy, below is the schedule for Monday, December 17, 2012.


According to the Majority Leader on the House floor will be:

S. 3193 – Barona Band of Mission Indians Land Transfer Clarification Act

On December 4, 2012, the Department of Interior testified in support of the bill. On September 22, 2012, S. 3193 passed the Senate by Unanimous Consent, which is a strong signal that the bill is uncontroversial. If S. 3193 passes the House it will then be sent to the President for his signature.


According to the Assistant Majority Leader on the Senate floor will be:

H.R. 1, the Disaster Assistance Supplemental Appropriations.

The text of the Senate’s Disaster Assistance Supplemental Appropriations can be found here. The bill includes the Tribal Stafford Act Amendment. Ultimately, however, the passage of the Disaster Assistance Supplemental Appropriations is uncertain.

Bills Not Enacted in 112th Congress

A commenter thought it would be more telling to list what bills in the 112th Congress will not be enacted. Ask and you shall receive.

Below are lists of bills in the Senate and House affecting Indian tribes, Alaska Natives and Native Hawaiians not enacted in the 112th Congress.

The bills below have been marked up or a hearing was held on them by Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, full House Natural Resources Committee or Subcommittee on Indian and Alaska Native Affairs. Some bills are companion bills.


S.65 : Hawaiian Homeownership Opportunity Act

S.134 : Mescalero Apache Tribe Leasing Authorization

S.356 : A bill to amend the Grand Ronde Reservation Act to make technical corrections, and for other purposes.

S.379 : Indian Tribes of Virginia Federal Recognition Act

S.399 : Blackfeet Water Rights Settlement Act

S.546 : Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians Restoration Act

S.675 : Native Hawaiian Government Reorganization Act

S.676 : A bill to amend the Act of June 18, 1934, to reaffirm the authority of the Secretary of the Interior to take land into trust for Indian tribes.

S.908 : A bill to provide for the addition of certain real property to the reservation of the Siletz Tribe in the State of Oregon.

S.1065 : Blackfoot River Land Settlement Act of 2011

S.1192 : Alaska Safe Families and Villages Act of 2011

S.1218 : Lumbee Recognition Act

S.1262 : Native Culture, Language, and Access for Success in Schools Act

S. 1327 : A bill to amend the Act of March 1, 1933, to transfer certain authority and resources to the Utah Dineh Corporation, and for other purposes.

S.1345 : Spokane Tribe of Indians of the Spokane Reservation Grand Coulee Dam Equitable Compensation Settlement Act

S.1684 : Indian Tribal Energy Development and Self-Determination Act Amendments

S.1898 : A bill to provide for the conveyance of certain property from the United States to the Maniilaq Association located in Kotzebue, Alaska.

S.2024 : Sandia Pueblo Settlement Technical Amendment

S.2389 : A bill to deem the submission of certain claims to an Indian Health Service contracting officer as timely.

S.3546 : A bill to amend the Native American Programs Act of 1974 to reauthorize a provision to ensure the survival and continuing vitality of Native American languages.

S.3548 : Native American Veterans’ Memorial Amendments Act


H.R.443 : To provide for the conveyance of certain property from the United States to the Maniilaq Association located in Kotzebue, Alaska.

H.R.726 : To amend the Grand Ronde Reservation Act to make technical corrections, and for other purposes.

H.R.887 : To direct the Secretary of the Interior to submit a report on Indian land fractionation, and for other purposes.

H.R.1158 : Montana Mineral Conveyance Act

H.R.1234 : To amend the Act of June 18, 1934, to reaffirm the authority of the Secretary of the Interior to take land into trust for Indian tribes.

H.R.1291 : To amend the Act of June 18, 1934, to reaffirm the authority of the Secretary of the Interior to take land into trust for Indian tribes, and for other purposes.

H.R.1408 : Southeast Alaska Native Land Entitlement Finalization and Jobs Protection Act

H.R.1421 : To amend the Water Resources Development Act of 1986 to clarify the role of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma with regard to the maintenance of the W.D. Mayo Lock and Dam in Oklahoma.

H.R.1461 : Mescalero Apache Tribe Leasing Authorization Act

H.R.1556 : To amend the Omnibus Indian Advancement Act to allow certain land to be used to generate income to provide funding for academic programs, and for other purposes.

H.R.2444 : Department of the Interior Tribal Self-Governance Act

H.R.2938 : Gila Bend Indian Reservation Lands Clarification Act

H.R.3532 : American Indian Empowerment Act

H.R.3973 : Native American Energy Act

H.R.4027 : To clarify authority granted under the Act entitled “An Act to define the exterior boundary of the Uintah and Ouray Indian Reservation in the State of Utah, and for other purposes”.

H.R.4194 : To amend the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act to provide that Alexander Creek, Alaska, is and shall be recognized as an eligible Native village under that Act, and for other purposes.

H.R.6141 : To provide for the addition of certain real property to the reservation of the Siletz Tribe in the State of Oregon.

Enacted Legislation in 111th Congress

The following bills were enacted as part of a larger package of bills.

The following bills were enacted as stand-alone measures.

Cantor and Leahy on VAWA

Below are floor statements from Rep. Crapo and Sen. Leahy on VAWA Reauthorization in the Congressional Record for December 13, 2012.

Rep. Cantor:

   As far as the Violence Against Women Act, as the gentleman knows, (Rep. Hoyer) I’m in discussions with the Vice President. I know it is of particular interest to him. There are many Members on our side whom I’ve met with today, as well as Members of the other body, who are interested too. We have met, and we are trying to work out the differences. I’m committed to do all I can, as the gentleman knows, to bring this to a conclusion so we can see its passage.


Sen. Leahy

   Mr. President, a week ago, I came to the Senate floor and said it was time for the Senate and the House to come together to pass the Leahy-Crapo Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act. I expressed hope because I thought there was a basis for compromise on a provision that had been a sticking point for House Republicans. I am dismayed that we have not seen progress toward that compromise despite my outreach and the urgency of the situations for thousands of victims of domestic and sexual violence.

   Senator Crapo and I included in our bill a key provision to allow tribal courts limited jurisdiction to consider domestic violence offenses committed against Indian women on tribal lands by non-Indians. The epidemic of violence against Native women is appalling, with a recent study finding that almost three in five Native women have been assaulted by their spouses or intimate partners. This provision would help end an untenable situation where non-Indians assaulting their spouses or intimate partners on tribal land are essentially immune from prosecution.

   This is a commonsense proposal with important limitations and guarantees of rights, but I know that House Republicans have continued to object to it. That is why I was heartened when two conservative House Republicans with leadership positions introduced a bill providing a compromise on the tribal jurisdiction provision.

   Representative Issa of California and Representative Cole of Oklahoma introduced the Violence Against Indian Women Act, H.R. 6625. Their cosponsors include Republicans from North Carolina, Minnesota, and Idaho. They all have tribes within their States and are concerned about the violence our Senate bill is trying to combat. Their bill includes a provision that allows defendants to remove a case to Federal court if any defendant’s rights are violated. This modification should ensure that only those tribes that are following the requirements of the law and providing full rights can exercise jurisdiction and that defendants can raise challenges at the beginning of a case.

   Last week, I called on House Republican leadership to abandon their “just say no” approach to any grant of tribal jurisdiction and give serious consideration to the Republican compromise proposal introduced last week. I have heard that Republican leaders are meeting today to finally discuss the issue. It is my hope that they will show real leadership by supporting crucial protections for tribal women, rather than offering empty proposals that do not change existing law and will not move us forward or help us to address this crisis.

   I have reached out to House leaders throughout the year and very recently to find a path forward on VAWA, and I know others have conducted similar outreach. While I am very disappointed that I have yet to see meaningful movement despite the opportunity for reasonable, bipartisan compromise to enact this needed legislation, I do believe House leaders still have an opportunity to do the right thing and pass VAWA, but that window is closing.

   Passing the Leahy-Crapo VAWA bill will make a difference. It will lead to a greater focus on the too often neglected problem of sexual assault and rape. It will lead to important new programs to identify high risk cases and prevent domestic violence homicides. It will lead to better protections for students on campuses across the country and better housing protections for victims of domestic and sexual violence. These improvements are most meaningful if they apply to all victims. I am willing to explore compromise language to make progress, but we should not leave out the most vulnerable victims.

   As partisan objections continue to hold up this bill, we continue to read each week about new and horrific cases of domestic violence and rape. It is heartbreaking that women continue to suffer as our efforts to compromise and pass this crucial legislation hit roadblock after roadblock. I hope that our last ditch effort will finally break this frustrating impasse.